With the amount of misinformation and misconceptions about CBD and hemp, we have had many requests for an ultimate beginner’s guide to CBD! What is CBD? Will I get high from it? How can I enjoy the benefits of CBD? Read on to learn more! A Beginner’s Guide to Cannabidiol, Also Known As CBD CBD is short for cannabidiol, a compound found in the cannabis plant. CBD has been used to treat pain, anxiety, and other conditions. It is a natural compound found in the cannabis plant and non-psychoactive – only producing a mild buzz – as well as non-toxic. Cannabidiol can be extracted from the hemp plant and added to lotions, beauty products, and more. CBD is not a drug or a medicine. It has been tested by scientists, who have found it to be safe for use when taken as directed. Treatment plans can be recommended by a doctor or other medical practitioner who has been specially trained in CBD treatments, and CBD products are even being developed for pets. The FDA regulates drugs but does not regulate supplements such as CBD oil because they are considered food supplements instead of medications. Broad Spectrum CBD takes it another step up with terpenes as well as cannabinoids. Some CBD products also contain amino acids, omega fatty acids, and vitamins and minerals, all improving the efficiency for treating those health and wellness issues. Cannabis is the source of CBD. To understand CBD, you first must know where it comes from. Cannabis is the source of CBD. Hemp is any cannabis plant that contains less than 0.3% Delta 9 THC by dry weight. What this means is that if you were to smoke or vape a joint of cannabis with this amount of THC in it, the effects would be balanced and non-psychotic. Because cannabis can be used for medicinal purposes, hemp plants are often grown for their oils and seeds as well as their flowers. Hemp oil contains high amounts of omega-6 fatty acids as well as terpenes and cannabinoids like cannabidiol, or CBD. While hemp and marijuana are both varieties of cannabis sativa, there is a stark difference between the two. Hemp has a much lower THC content than marijuana does, whereas marijuana is used for recreational and medicinal purposes due to its higher THC content. A Beginner’s Brief History of CBD Before we take a look at all the types of CBD available and what it can be used for, it might help to give a short history lesson. Because CBD products are just now becoming a staple far and wide, most people don’t know that it has actually been used as far back as 6000 B.C. That is when the first written record of CBD use originated in China. However, it wasn’t until 2737 B.C. that the Chinese Emperor, Shen-Nung was using cannabis in teas and ointments. We then fast forward to 77 A.D., when the Romans were using hemp for healing. In fact, Pliny the Elder, a Roman scholar wrote about how extracts from the cannabis plant were helpful in relieving pain and discomfort. The cannabis plant was even considered sacred in India as a gift from God. In fact, the Atharvaveda, a manuscript which was where knowledge useful for everyday life was stored, details the production of tinctures and balms using cannabis flowers and seeds. And, as crazy as it may sound, cannabis was even found in the tombs of ancient Egyptians and Greeks. Now, fast forward again to 1533. It was in this year that Henry VIII required all farmers to grow hemp. In the 1600’s, the America’s began cultivating hemp, and it was in the Virginia colony that the first mandates were made in America to cultivate hemp. They were quickly followed by Connecticut and Massachusetts. For a time, hemp seeds were considered as legal tender in Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania, and were used to pay for goods and services. Recent History and the War On Cannabis Once again, let’s fast forward to modern times. In the early 20th Century, even though the use of cannabis based medications, tinctures and other health aids began to decline due to opioids being introduced, many medications were still being produced combining cannabis and other pharmaceuticals; such medications came in the form of sleep aids and cough syrup. The “War on Cannabis” was launched in the late 1930’s, and was no longer legal for cultivation. Then, in 1970, it became illegal for any possession or use of cannabis, including both marijuana and hemp. The Controlled Substances Act deemed cannabis as having a high risk of dependency with no medical benefits. However, if you go back just a decade to the ‘60s, you will find something interesting happening. It was then that researchers began looking into the mysteries of cannabinoids, and more specifically, CBD. Everything began to unfold when researchers discovered the role of the human endocannabinoid system when it comes to maintaining good health. Later in the ‘70s, cannabis began being used again in medical treatments. We will now travel through time once again, to 1996. California became the first state to legalize the use of cannabis for the treatment of certain medical conditions, even though it was still federally illegal. What We Can Learn From The History of Cannabis Why is the history of cannabis so important in a guide to CBD? Well, there is a large population that still believes that CBD is a drug just like any other addictive substance. Rather than taking a look at the history and the science behind it, they want to believe that CBD will cause more harm than good. It is our hope that by gaining even the slightest bit of knowledge passed down from history, that those people will join the masses that are now reaping the benefits of CBD. CBD is gaining popularity around the world and is now very respected and widely used in the United States due to its availability and the research that has proven the beneficial effects of using CBD for many health reasons. It is because of the popularity that CBD is now joining the technology race. Modern technology has made it possible to extract CBD more efficiently, therefore allowing it to be more effective. One way this has been made possible is what is known as nanoemulsions. Nanoemulsions make the CBD water-soluble and more potent. A Beginner’s Guide to Hemp vs. Marijuana Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive compound found in marijuana that causes a high. There are two species of marijuana, cannabis indica and cannabis sativa. Through the breeding process there has also been a surge in “hybrid” strains in which both the indica and sativa species are joined together to achieve a strain rich in the benefits of both strains. Hemp, on the other hand, is not marijuana. It contains very minimal amounts of Delta 9 THC. In fact, laws dictate that to be cultivated, hemp must have a concentration of Delta 9 THC less than 0.3%. Unlike marijuana, hemp is known commercially to be used in such items as building supplies and textiles. These strains of hemp are considered industrial hemp. Industrial hemp is very low in cannabinoids and terpenes, so it isn’t the most beneficial form of hemp to use for CBD products. However, a large portion of CBD products on the market come from industrial hemp. You will find these products to be less expensive, but also less effective. To truly get the most out of CBD products, you want to find those created from PCR hemp. PCR stands for phytocannabinoid rich. In many cases, PCR hemp has up to ten times the amount of CBD than your garden variety industrial hemp. And speaking of strength! You can make it strong or light. CBD can be made strong or light. The strength is measured by the amount of CBD it contains, with a higher concentration meaning greater potency. Light CBD – Also known as “CBD isolate,” this type of extract has an almost undetectable amount of THC and is used to create products that you ingest or apply to your skin. It is often mixed into edibles, beverages, and tinctures. Light CBD is good for anxiety and pain relief without being overly sedating, and it is also recommended for children because its effects are milder than those of stronger concentrates. Strong CBD – This is known as “full spectrum” or “whole plant” extracts because they retain all compounds found in the cannabis plant, including THC. These concentrates are ideal if you’re looking for something that will knock you out at night or help ease any pain from day-to-day life, like arthritis. They’re usually consumed orally but can also be inhaled through vaping devices like e-cigarettes. However, since this form contains significant amounts of THC—which could make some people feel uncomfortable—a high tolerance may be required before going all-in on strong CBD strains. What Are My Choices? While this isn’t a comprehensive list, here are some of the categories of CBD products available. CBD Isolate CBD Concentrate or Distillate Full Spectrum CBD Broad Spectrum CBD CBD Infused Hemp Seed Oil CBD Hemp Oil Raw Industrial Hemp Extract Raw PCR CBD Isolate Isolates are the purest form of CBD and contain no THC, no terpenes, no chlorophyll and no organic matter. Due to this, it is flavorless and has no smell. It is one of the most versatile forms of CBD as it can be used in oils and edibles without changing the flavor of what you are consuming. CBD Concentrate CBD concentrates contain high levels of cannabinoids as well as terpenes. Concentrate options include CBD hash and live resin, but they come in many different forms. Some of the most popular varieties from Arete Hemp include the Blue Dream Full Melt Hash Rosin, the Delta 8 THC Raw Hemp Extract, Alpen Gleaux Live Resin, and the Mitz CBG Full Melt Hash. “Smooth, delicious, relaxing. This rosin is delicious, I enjoy it mixed with flower in a vaporizer, complements the flower. Amazing effects, relaxing, would buy again.” -Carlos C. “Very tasty. This is one of the top concentrates I’ve had. Great job melting away all the stress.” -Thomas I. “I’m in love with this Blue Dream! I cannot get over how good it tastes. Perfect for wake and bake. Keep up the great work, Arete!” -Adrian P. CBD Distillate Not as pure as Isolates, CBD Distillate is different from isolate as it contains cannabinoids and plant materials. These cannabinoids can be very healthy and beneficial for the body. However, CBD distillate contains traceable amounts of THC whereas isolate does not. This is because distillate is usually sourced from a marijuana plant and isolate is sourced from hemp plants. Full Spectrum CBD Full spectrum CBD contains everything that naturally occurs in the plant. That means all terpenes, essential oils and other cannabinoids are found in the CBD, and work together, magnifying the benefits of each individual cannabinoid. One of Arete Hemp’s most popular full spectrum products is the Limitless Delta 8 Full Spectrum 3000mg Tincture. “I love this stuff. Best product ever.” -Marie “Helps make the day sing a merry tune. Keeps me grounded. Very medicinal for anxiety, stress, and the low-down feels.” -Jonathan L. “Great product! I have been using Limitless for about 2 months and find it perfect for my mood enhancement and relaxation. My husband and I own a bakery and days can be rewarding but TENSE. Limitless helps after a long day on my feet. Takes my grouchiness away, lol!” -Emily K. Broad Spectrum CBD Like full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD compounds within the plant are still in the extract…minus the THC. This is perfect for those people looking for the benefits of full spectrum CBD without the psychoactive effects of THC. CBD Infused Just like it sounds, any product that has had CBD introduced to it during production is considered CBD infused. CBD can be infused into just about anything, from concentrates and edibles to lotions and water. The options are nearly endless as you consider that there are multiple types of CBD to add to a vast variety of products. Arete Hemp’s infused products include cannacookies, cereal bars, macaroons, and gummies. “These cookies are fantastic!!! Got my cookie with my recent order, and I really have to brag on the quality. Great flavor and awesome effects.” -Tim “Love the cookies & gummies! Relaxes just as promised.” -Rebecca B. “We absolutely LOVE these wonderful cookies! Couldn’t ask for anything more! Would highly recommend!” -Shanna J. Hemp Seed Oil Hemp seed oil is made by pressing hemp seeds together. It contains omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids which are awesome for heart health, and it’s a wonderful source of plant-based protein. Hemp seed oil contains little to no CBD and no other cannabinoids. CBD Hemp Oil Unlike hemp seed oil, CBD hemp oil is extracted from the hemp plant. It is extremely high in CBD and helps to regulate sleep, pain, mood, hormones, appetite and immune response by working with the body through the endocannabinoid system (ECS). One of Arete Hemp’s popular hemp oils is the Hash Rosin Oil Tincture. “Great for pain and energy! This is a big part of my routine. So helpful!” -Nick “Wonderful product. Helps my asthma and gives me energy when I go to the gym.” -Richard “This stuff is powerful! Strong taste and strong effects. Truly a medicine!” -Darrel H. Raw Industrial Hemp Extract Low quality source of CBD oil. Raw PCR High quality full and/or broad spectrum product rich in CBD with naturally occurring compounds in hemp…that includes cannabinoids and terpenes. It’s getting popular for wellness. CBD is also being used for many other conditions, including: Inflammation Pain and anxiety, when part of a full-spectrum regimen Epilepsy Cancer treatment and prevention Diabetes management and prevention Autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis or multiple sclerosis It’s being used to treat pain and anxiety. CBD is being used to treat pain and anxiety. While the research is still in its infancy, there are some promising early results. CBD is not addictive. CBD is not a controlled substance. CBD is not psychoactive. CBD is not harmful or toxic to humans or animals at the doses used in products currently on the market and at levels found in nature. There are different forms of CBD. There are a variety of ways to consume CBD, but the most common is through an oil or tincture. Here are some of the other options available. Gel – Because it’s applied directly to the skin, this form is ideal for treating localized pain and inflammation with little to no side effects. Gel is also easy for itchy body parts, like knees or ankles, and ideal for athletes who want to treat their aches without taking any medications that might affect performance. Vape oil – Like gel and tinctures, vape oil goes into your lungs so cannabis can enter your bloodstream faster than if you were vaping flower alone. This is great for people who don’t want any psychoactive effects from smoking—or those who just want more efficient delivery of active ingredients! E-liquid – If gel or vape oil isn’t quite doing the trick, then using e-liquid may be right up your alley! One downside is that the e-liquid method doesn’t give users as much control over the dosing as other methods. If precision matters to you, another form like pills might be a better fit. A Beginner’s Guide to Finding The Right CBD Product And Dose No two people will react to CBD the same way, and such factors as weight, age, circulation. Health and metabolism all play a part in when the effects of CBD will kick in. It can also depend on the CBD itself. Another factor in how quickly CBD will work is your body’s ability to produce endocannabinoids and how many cannabinoid receptors you have in your body. Those with more receptors, or those who produce less endocannabinoids will likely be more receptive to CBD than those with a lack of receptors or an abundance of endocannabinoids. Edibles, for example, will usually take longer for the onset of effects than if you used a tincture. If you are looking for an almost instant result, your best bet would be to use the inhalation method. Just to give you an idea of timing, CBD in capsule form or edible form can take as long as 20 minutes to over an hour. Tinctures, however, usually begin working within 20 minutes. Again, results will likely vary from one individual to another, and these numbers are only here to serve as a general guideline. Serving Size Some CBD products will give a suggested serving size, but if you don’t take into account any of the variables, that suggested serving size could be too high or too low. The reason for taking the CBD is actually a large variable when figuring out dosage. Just as there are different CBD products, there are also varying amounts of CBD in those products. Some products may only contain 10mg of CBD per dose whereas another product could contain 50mg of CBD or more. You may use a lower dose for maintaining your general wellness, but use a higher dose if you simply want a good night’s sleep. Another factor to consider is whether the product contains broad spectrum or full spectrum CBD with terpenes. These products tend to work better than CBD on its own. Beginning Dosage Now that you have a grasp of what factors weigh in on effectiveness and dosage, it’s time to experiment to get the most of your CBD product. It’s best if you begin with a lower dosage. Going by weight, you could start with 1mg of CBD for every 20 pounds of weight. For a 100-pound person this would mean 5mg of CBD, while a person weighing 200 pounds could start with a 10mg dose. Because it’s possible that CBD may make you drowsy, it may be best to take your first couple of doses at night. That way, if it does make you a bit sleepy, it won’t affect your waking hours. If you find that CBD doesn’t make you drowsy, take another dose in the morning. The great thing about CBD is it can be used for daytime focus and nighttime sleep, so it can essentially be taken throughout the day as needed! Now, if you feel good taking your first doses, but still want better results, go ahead and up your dose. Start slow, taking the same dose for a few days to monitor the results. You will find the dose that’s right for you! CBD is non-toxic, so don’t worry about taking too much. You would have to take a whole lot of CBD before you will see any truly adverse health effects. Taking more CBD than you actually need may slow you down enough that it could relax yourself too much for work or sports. Once you have tried a few products and dosages, you will likely find what works best for you. Once you find that perfect product and dose, stick with it. You can take it as an oil. You can take CBD oil in several ways. Place a few drops under your tongue and hold for 60 seconds before swallowing. This will allow the oil to be absorbed by your mucous membranes. Mix it with another liquid like water or juice. Add it to food like peanut butter, soups, salad dressings, chocolate milk, and more. CBD oil is sold as an oral spray or tincture that can be taken sublingually – under the tongue – by placing it inside or behind the cheek or simply sprayed into the mouth through an inhaler called a nebulizer. Some people take CBD in their tea or coffee instead of milk and sugar. This is known as “coffee creamer” because it mimics a dairy product but is actually made from hemp seed oil. The “coffee creamer” contains little to no THC content, so you won’t get high from drinking something that contains all-natural CBD! You can also mix it into food like peanut butter, which makes for a great protein boost, too! You can vape it. Vaping is a very popular way to consume CBD. Vape pens are designed for this purpose, and they often come in different shapes and sizes. All you need to do is place the oil inside of the vape pen, turn it on, and start inhaling slowly. Vaping is different than smoking because you don’t need a match or lighter to set fire to anything. Instead of burning the product – which would release harmful toxins into the air – vaping uses heat from an electronically-powered element that heats up the CBD oil until it turns into vapor. There is no smoke involved! CBD is an exciting new ingredient in beauty, wellness and food products. It has a lot of potential, but it’s still early days in terms of what can be done with CBD and how effective it will be. There are many different forms of CBD available, so ask your doctor or other trusted professional about what would work best for your needs before trying anything new. Readers, we want to hear from you! What is your favorite form of CBD? What are your favorite strains from Arete Hemp? Leave a comment below!