Terpenes really did not concern cannabis consumers until recently. Sure, we knew terpenes were part of the cannabis plant but our knowledge stopped there. Now, terpenes is a buzzword in the cannabis community and it seems like just about everyone has something to say about them. Why the sudden interest in terpenes in the cannabis community? How do terpenes benefit cannabis? By the way, what exactly are terpenes? This guide has those answers and more. We know how difficult it is to keep up with the different compounds inside of the cannabis plant, especially when you’re unsure of their importance to you. Terpenes are an important part of the cannabis plant. At one time, only cannabis producers concerned themselves with terpenes. Now that more sensitive extraction methods have come about, consumers can not only purchase terpenes as a separate product, but also buy cannabis products enhanced with terpenes. Terpenes provide cannabis and other plants with its aroma and flavor. In the cannabis plant, terpenes can even work with cannabinoids to increase its psychoactive effects. When you learn more about terpenes, enhancing your cannabis consumption experience is more than possible. This guide provides the information needed to make your cannabis consumption experience more enjoyable and help you decipher the right products for your specific needs. Our goal at Arete is to help people live better lives using natural products that aren’t packed full of chemicals and toxins. This guide provides useful information that can help you find the path to becoming a better, healthier you – and enjoy a little of the pleasure found from ingesting cannabis. After completing this guide, you’ll know exactly what terpenes are, how they affect the cannabis plant, and the important types of terpenes found inside the cannabis plant. Plus, tons of other helpful information about terpenes, cannabinoids, and the types of terpenes found in your favorite strains. If you have more questions, do not hesitate to reach out. We’ll happily answer your questions, provide product recommendations, and otherwise assist you on your journey to a better you in any way that we can. Understanding Terpenes: What are Terpenes? Terpene likely isn’t a new word to you. Terpenes have been around a very long time and are not restricted only to the cannabis plant. It is possible that you are familiar with terpenes already or maybe this word is completely new to you. They are found in all plants and extracted to create products we use every day, like shampoo and cosmetics. Terpenes give these products their nice aromas and scents. You can even find terpenes inside of hops and that ice cold beer you enjoy after a long day at work. Some of the common products containing terpenes include: Beer/Hops Tea Thyme Sage Rosemary Cosmetics Aromatherapy products This list is not exhaustive, however, and terpenes can be found in a plethora of other products. If the product smells good, terpenes likely have a big part in that aroma. Otto Wallach first discovered terpenes back in the 1800s. Wallach worked as a chemist and helped ensure terpenes were included in scientific research. Years later, another man named Leopold Ruoka began to research perfume and how it captured that lovely scene. He re-discovered terpenes and as they say, the rest is history. We now use terpenes in the lab to enhance the scent of so many different products, including cannabis. Terpenes are cannabis’s favorite scent, the perfume responsible for the great aroma we smell from the cannabis plant. They even affect the taste of cannabis when it’s ingested, as well as the psychoactive effects that it creates. It is important to note that terpenes alone do not produce these effects, as it is not a cannabinoid and does not contain THC. However, when extracted with cannabinoids, the results are pretty amazing. Do you instantly recognize certain cannabis strains due to the scent? That is terpenes working hard. You can thank terpenes for making cannabis strain identification a little bit easier. Cannabis producers now have more sensitive extraction methods that allow them to remove terpenes from the cannabis plant. This allows producers to easily and quickly create different types of extracts, like live resin. Producers control the amount of terpenes included in the product, thus can determine its potency, effects, and yes, its aroma and taste. Sweet. But, What the Heck are Terpenes? Terpenes are naturally-occurring compounds found in the trichomes of the female cannabis plant. Trichomes are small, sticky glands that cover the top of her buds. The trichomes contain the resin glands responsible for terpenes production. Cannabis consumers should know the resiny trichomes atop the buds give a sweet euphoria when it’s consumed! We all love those tasty trichomes! Terpenes play an important role in the cannabis plant’s growth and survival. Without them, the plant would not survive. Some of the compounds found inside terpenes protect the plant from pests. Other compounds that enrich the plant’s color and improve its beauty. Some terpenes work to attract beneficial insects to the plant, like terpinolene, that help spread pollen and support the plant’s immune system. This helps protect the plant from stressors and pathogens that can destroy its health and well-being. As you can see, terpenes play an important role in the life and enjoyment of the cannabis plant. It benefits the plant both during the growth process and after we pick her beautiful buds. Cannabis plants contain different amounts of terpenes. The amount of terpenes inside of the cannabis plant is not a coincidence. In fact, it is affected by several variables, including whether it’s grown indoor or outdoors, the amount of exposure to light, the type of growing mediums used, nutrient levels, and a few other factors. In a laboratory, cannabis producers control the amount of terpenes placed inside a cannabis product. Why are Terpenes Important in Cannabis? We’ve explained many reasons why terpenes are beneficial to the cannabis plant already. Terpenes really protect her buds and ensure that cannabis is enjoyable to the consumer. Studies also suggest that most terpenes offer some health benefits to humans as well. Lest we not forget how terpenes contribute to the psychoactive effects we feel after ingesting cannabis. Without the terpenes, indulging in cannabis and cannabis products would be…well, less indulgent. The Terpene Extraction Process Producers now have many extraction techniques available that allow them to easily remove terpenes from the plant. Until recently, many of the available techniques were too harsh to use on the fragile cannabis plant and damaged her fine leaves. Now, that concern is no more. Solvent and solventless extraction methods exist, each with its own set of pros and cons. Solvent based extraction methods use chemicals to extract terpenes and can create toxic effects. Some users also claim that solvent based extraction processes leave the terpenes and cannabis with a bad aftertaste. Producers like solvent-based extraction methods because it allows them to control the amount of terpenes that is put into a product. This ensures proper profile analysis and superior quality products. Solventless extraction methods only use water. The techniques involved in the extraction process are not only safer, but cleaner, producing a healthier, tastier cannabis product for the consumer. Low-quality terpenes produced by scrupulous companies are out there. Beware these companies and products that look only to make a quick dollar selling products that may be harmful. Although cheaper, there is a big reason for the lower price. These products are extracted using a process known as “cold traps’ that purge BHO-type extractions. Avoid these products. Synthetic terpenes are available. Cannabis producers often synthetically produce products containing extra terpenes. A synthetic-based terpene does not contain any plant=based terpene at all. As mentioned above, some people claim synthetic-based terpenes leave a bad aftertaste in their mouths. Choose a trusted provider to buy terpenes from, a provider like Arete. Trusted providers ensure quality products are all that you find on their website or in their store. The price of quality terpene and cannabis products may cost a bit more than low-quality products, but it is money well spent. You get what you pay for, and quality terpenes leave you with a great taste in your mouth! Terpenes vs. Cannabinoids In case you have not yet figured it out, terpenes and cannabinoids are not the same. Don’t feel ashamed if before today you thought that was the same thing. Many people do. However, both are very unique compounds. The only similarities they share is that both are found in abundance in the cannabis plant. In reality, terpenes work with cannabinoids, giving you the great flavors, aromas, and effects that you desire. Without terpenes, cannabinoids would not taste so yummy or deliver its feel-good effects. So far, scientists have recovered about 119 unique cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. The most prominent is Delta-9 THC, the compound responsible for the psychoactive effects we feel after ingesting cannabis. Aside from THC, important cannabinoids include: CBD Delta-8 THC THCa There are about 150 unique terpenes found in plants, including the cannabis plant. The terpenes allow us to differentiate the different cannabis strains from each other. We’ll talk more about the different types of terpenes found in the cannabis plant a bit later in this guide. First, you probably want to know why terpenes is suddenly a favorite word in the cannabis community and details like whether or not they’re legal. Terpenes and Cannabis Products Terpenes have suddenly gained popularity in the cannabis community because they can easily be extracted and added to our favorite cannabis products, creating an even more enjoyable cannabis consumption experience. With more sensitive extraction methods available, cannabis producers can easily extract terpenes from the cannabis plant. The extracted terpenes are then recreated into products such as live resin and rosin, since terpenes cannot be directly ingested. The terpenes are added to the cannabinoids to produce an amazing product for cannabis consumers. Many people get their dose of feel-good cannabinoids and terpenes through live resin. Live resin is made from fresh, frozen cannabis plants. It maintains temperatures during the extraction process, protecting volatile compounds in the cannabis and in turn delivering an aromatic, potent product. Girl Scout Cookies (GSC) is one of the more popular strains of cannabis, known for its sweet cookie-like taste and long-lasting calming effects. When consumed as an extracted product, Girl Scout Cookies provides the consumer even more of a head rush. Our Girl Scout Cookies Live Resin is packed with 8.25% terpenes and 88.7% total THC for an out-of-this-world experience every time it’s heated. Not a fan of GSC or prefer something different? You’ll find live resin available in a multitude of delicious strains. How to Consume Terpenes Consuming terpenes can produce similar effects as THC when it is extracted along with cannabinoids. The most common ways to ingest terpenes include vaping, smoking, and dabbing. You can even find terpenes added to salves and cannabis based lotions and oils. Edibles like cookies and brownies and some cannabis drinks include extra terpenes to enhance its effects, taste, and aroma. Terpenes are naturally present in cannabis flowers. If you want to add more flavor before smoking, you can top your buds with terpenes or a terpene based product. Never smoke terpenes directly. As far as the different ways to smoke cannabis, you can do so through a rolled joint or blunt, through a bong, or a pipe/bowl. Vaping is generally considered to be the safest way to consume terpenes. You need a special vape pen to consume terpenes via vaporization. Dabbing is popular among cannabis enthusiasts. Many agree the effects of dabbing are more potent than other consumption methods. Keep in mind the increased potency can also be harsher on the lungs. Nonetheless, dabbing terpenes-based products like live resin is an option. Are Terpenes Legal? Terpenes are 100% legal across the United States because they do not contain any THC, nor are they related to cannabinoids in any shape or form. The only similarities is that both compounds can be found inside the cannabis plant. Instead, terpenes bind with cannabinoids, and together, they create the aroma, effects, and taste cannabis is known to provide. If you reside in a state without legal marijuana, terpene-based products give you the effects of THC without the same risks of arrest or going to jail. You can legally possess terpene-based products like live resin and consume them whenever you want. Terpene-based products are not used only by those in states without legal marijuana. In fact, cannabis consumers in legal states often consume terpene-based extracts like live resin as they know just how potent they are and how wonderful the experience of consuming them is. You can purchase terpene and cannabis-based products from Arete with confidence. Our products are 100% hemp-based and federally legal across the country. Terpenes are regulated as a food supplement rather than a cannabis extract. Major Types of Terpenes As we mentioned, about 150 unique terpenes are found in the cannabis plant. Terpenes are found in every strain of the cannabis plant. Some of the terpenes are inactive while others play an important role in the effects, flavor, and aroma of the cannabis plant. We won’t waste your time discussing the terpenes without any benefit, but we will provide you with information about the most commonly occurring terpenes and the strains where you can find them. When you know more about the various types of terpenes found in the cannabis plant, you can enhance your overall cannabis consumption experience and choose strains suited to your specific needs and desires rather than play trial and error or guessing games. Most common terpenes found in the cannabis plant Myrcene The terpene most commonly found in cannabis strains, Myrcene, is also found in hops, so it’s a primary ingredient inside of beer! In cannabis, the terpene produces an earthy, musky scent and equally delicious flavors. Alongside cannabis and hops, this terpene is found in citrus fruits like mango. You’ll find Myrcene present in more Indica strains than Sativa. Expect strong sedative effects after ingestion. Found in: Northern Lights Mintz CBG Forbidden Fruit Frosted Cake Black Diamonds Rainbow Sherbert Stargazer Sour Hawaiian Haze Cannatonic #3 Sour Gelato Live Resin Limonene Limonene strains often have a citrus, lemony scent and taste. Any cannabis strain with hints of lemon is one that will rock your world. It is found in some, but not all, cannabis plants, and it is primarily in Sativa strains. Once ingested, Limonene strains quickly absorb other terpenes, which can help elevate the mood and provide the user with a sense of creativity, relaxation, and happiness. Limonene strains are usually fairly sweet and aromatic. Found in: Blueberry Strawberry Cheesecake Miracle Alien Cookies Death Star Pinene The most common naturally-occurring terpene found in the cannabis plant, Pinene offers a bitter, piney aroma and taste. Aside from cannabis, Pinene can be found in parsley, orange peels, and conifer trees. This terpene is well-known to reduce memory-loss among heavy consumers. Expect this terpene to provide its effects fairly quickly, which include a nice boost to your mood. Expect long-lasting effects after ingestion. Found in: Afghan Skunk Sweet Tooth Death Star Linalool When you taste a Linalool strain, your mind will instantly be taken to a huge garden where sweet, beautiful flowers surround you in a tranquil bliss. It is sweet and tasty, something you want to taste again and again. This terpene causes relaxing, happy effects in its user. It can be found in lavender, laurel, and rosewood in addition to cannabis. This terepene is very seducing and tantalizing and likely will become a favorite once you experience its tremendous effects.Found in: Maui Wowie Blueberry Hippie Crippler Miracle Alien Cookies Death Star Caryophyllene Caryophyllene is another of the 150 terpenes and among the most important. When you smell this terpene, your nose is hit with a note of spicy, peppery goodness. The taste is strong and so are its effects. Alongside cannabis, Caryophyllene is found in oregano, pepper, and basil. This terpene commonly relaxes the user, so expect an unintentional nap or two after using a caryophyllene strain of cannabis. Found in: Gorilla Glue Green Crack Hippie Crippler Miracle Alien Cookies Death Star Granddaddy Purple Bubba Kush Pineberry Sweet Tooth Sour Gelato Live Resin Humulene Cannabis shares this terpene with beer. It is found in hops and was the first-ever to be identified in them. Humulene gives off a peppery, woodsy aroma and taste. Aside from cannabis, you’ll find Humulene inside of black pepper, clove, tobacco, ginseng, and sage. It produces an earth scent and tastes earthy. Consumers say they feel happy and filled with joy after using a cannabis product containing this terpene. It has been used in Chinese medicine for years. Found in: Banana Mac Gorilla Glue Green Crack Death Star OG Kush Full Melt Hash Rosin Sour Gelato Live Resin Terpinolene When you want something unique, Terpinolene is the perfect choice. The strong piney aroma may bring memories of Christmas to your home. It is unique and pleasing with an equally thrilling flavor combining tastes of floral, lemon, and lilac. Expect long-lasting, tranquilizing effects after ingesting cannabis containing this terpene. Although it’s the least common terpene found in cannabis, it is widely found in products like cosmetics, tea tree, sage, and rosemary. Found in: Legendary Platinum Candyland Pink Panther Sour Brûlée Sour Candy Kush OG Kush Full Melt Hash Sour Gelato Live Resin Eucalyptol Eucalyptol is fresh, cool, and minty, leaving a lingering freshness in the air. It is found in trace amounts in the cannabis plant, and it is found only in a few specific strains. Users experience relaxation and bliss after ingesting cannabis strains that contain this terpene. It is tasty and enjoyable by most accounts. Borneol Another terpene you should know about is called Borneal. It is found in cannabis as well as in mint, rosemary, and camphor. It is found in select cannabis strains and used regularly in natural Chinese medicine. Strains containing Borneol provide intense effects for the user. Found in: Death Star Alpha-bisabolol Alpha-bisabolol is also called levorneal or bisabolol. It is a terpene with a delightful floral aroma, found in the cannabis plant as well as the chamomile flower. Most often used in the cosmetics industry, its discovery in the cannabis plant amazed scientists. Found in: Hippie Crippler Death Star Sour Gelato Live Resin Trans-nerolidol Trans-nerolidol smells like a quaint mixture of apples, citrus, and rose. It is found in many flowers like tea tree, lemongrass, and jasmine in addition to the cannabis plant. Trans-nerolidol is woodsy and floral, powerful and potent when part of the cannabis plant. It is known as a terpene with long-lasting effects after consumption. Delta 3 Carene This simple terpene is found in cannabis and plants and herbs like bell peppers, pine, cedar, and rosemary. Delta 3 Carene exudes a cedar-like aroma with hints of citrus. It’s woodsy and strong, leaving the room filled with reminders of the great outdoors. Some users experience great concentration after consuming cannabis strains containing this terpene. This terpene is often found in strains that also contain limonene and eucalyptol. Its effects are long-lasting and often produce cottonmouth. Make sure you have a bottle of water nearby! Camphene A terpene emitting a nice musky earthy aroma, Camphene takes you deep into the woodlands where you’re far away from civilization. It is often mistaken for myrcene, the trademark marijuana scent welcomed by most consumers. It is the smell consumers want to hit their nose before consuming. Death Star Terpineol A floral-like terpene reminiscent of lilacs and apple blossom, terpineol delivers a strong minty citrus taste. It is commonly found in cosmetics and food flavorings, and of course, the cannabis plant. Terpineol is relaxing and very strong. Expect to crash on the couch after consuming a cannabis product containing the terpene. Geraniol Found in cannabis, tobacco, and lemons, Geraniol has a smell reminiscent of plums and peaches. It is delightful to smell and taste. You can find Geraniol in a variety of body sprays and body care products. Valencene Named after Valencia oranges, this terpene is citrusy and flavorful. It is found in large concentrations inside oranges, as well as in insect repellent. Sabinene Not a common terpene found in cannabis, Sabinene is peppery and spicy, often compared to soy sauce. Think about the holidays and the delicious scents, and you will better understand this terpene. It is strong and should be used only in small quantities. Why Should You Try Terpenes? Whether you add terpenes to your cannabis products or indulge in terpene-based extracts, doing so can provide a more satisfying experience. The incredible aroma and benefits and effects of cannabis are only intensified with the right terpenes added. Since all terpenes produce different flavors and effects, you can play around with them to create some pretty nice flavors and aromas. If you reside in a state without legal cannabis, you can certainly benefit immensely with terpene addition to your cannabis products. You can indulge in terpenes and possess them without worry of legal trouble. When you purchase cannabis products from Arete, rest assured that we use high-quality ingredients and extraction methods designed to provide the best flavors and effects possible. Quality is important to us. We are here to improve your life, your health, and your overall well-being. To do this, we supply the freshest, most high-quality products available. Terpenes FAQ 1. What happens if I add too much terpene to my cannabis product? Don’t worry, the result of putting too much terpene on a cannabis product will not likely pose any toxic results. Generally, applying too much terpenes will simply overpower the taste of the cannabis. You may not enjoy consuming a product that has too much terpene on it. 2. Can I mix terpenes together? If using terpenes to apply directly to a cannabis product, you certainly can mix them together to create unique tastes and aromas. Be careful that you do not apply too much terpenes! 3. What are the most terpene-flavorful products sold by Arete? We don’t like to toot our own horn, but all of our products are equally tasty and delicious. However, we particularly fancy a couple of products we think you will equally enjoy, like our Delta 8 THC Raw Hemp Extract that packs an astonishing 91.35 THC levels. The Sour Hawaiian Haze Full Melt hash Rosin equally impressed our nose and taste buds. 4. Which terpene makes you feel sleepy? You can expect to feel drowsy or sleepy after using a few different terpenes. The most prominent of them is Terpinolene. A little goes a long way with this terpene, so be careful that you do not overindulge your way right into a nap. 5. Which terpene will give me the giggles? Feeling silly? Myrcene is the terpene that will enhance your laughter. It is well-known to cause a few silly laughs and giggles in its user. Choose a cannabis strain with Mrycene if you want the best laughs in this world. Your Complete Guide to Terpenes That’s about all we can tell you about terpenes at this time. We hope this guide has better helped you understand terpenes’ role in the cannabis plant and its effects after cannabis consumption. If you love the aroma that cannabis produces, then you should also love terpenes since it is this compound responsible for the scents and so much more. With this guide, you can purchase the right cannabis products that suit your needs and better enjoy your cannabis consumption experience. Arete is here to help every step of the way with our full line of quality hemp products!